Both sides have described what they want to achieve in the negotiations. The objectives of the United States are predictable and comprehensive. USTR has identified 24 chapters it intends to negotiate on, including technical barriers to trade, intellectual property, digital trade, anti-corruption, best regulatory practices and subsidies. The declaration of Kenya`s objectives is equally staggering, even if it is not as detailed. The Department of Industrialization, Trade and Business Development has identified 22 chapters it intends to negotiate with the United States. Kenya needs to be aware of its development strategy and know how it fits together. Reciprocal trade between Kenya and the United States essentially puts two highly unequal countries on the path to greater harmonization of rules and policies. This is a total lag. Thus, California alone is the fifth largest economy in the world. In contrast, Kenya currently ranks 98th on the U.S.
list of trading partners, with exports of $365 million and imports worth $644 million. Free trade agreements are long-term issues that take more than a year to complete. The agreement between the United States and Morocco, for example, lasted 15 months. Discussions with Peru (18 months) and Colombia (20 months) lasted even longer. The conclusion of the Economic Partnership Agreements between Kenya and the EU took more than a decade. In addition, least developed countries (LDCs) benefit from additional access to duty-free export products to the United States under the Generalized Preferences System (GSP), a separate trade preference program. Although the GSP excludes some of Kenya`s major exports, such as textiles and clothing, products covered by AGOA, many of Kenya`s agricultural exports would be duty-free if it is a LDC country. However, since Kenya is not included in this list, the expiration of AGOA would expose Kenya to a greater risk than neighbouring countries if AGOA were to disappear without replacement. According to experts, U.S. officials view a trade agreement with Kenya primarily from a geopolitical point of view and as a way to combat China`s strong influence in Africa. Over the years, China has significantly increased its investment in various sectors throughout Africa.
Given that the United States is in a trade war with China, it is useful for the United States to have the African continent and its emerging economies as allies. Another reason for the U.S. to enter into a free trade agreement with Kenya is security. Kenya is an important ally in the fight against the Somali militant group al-Shabaab. The diagrams below provide a comprehensive background of background data on current trade between Kenya and the United States; followed by a selection of recent international updates and documents on the subject. At a time when AfCFTA is about to be implemented on the basis of the available evidence, we are the reason why this is not the right step, because it undermines the progress of African countries in the negotiations on increasing intra-regional trade. AfCFTA aims to increase intra-African trade from the current 15% to 50%, as well as most major trade in raw materials and industrial products.
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