3. It is specified that the EU`s contribution to political dialogue and cooperation with the Cuban Government in the definition and implementation of laws and reforms must be specific. If the Cuban government does not launch the reforms within six months, the EU will have to end the PDCA, as the Cuban government would not respect the fundamental principles of democracy and human rights set out in the agreement. In December 2016, the EU signed the Political Dialogue and Cooperation Agreement (PDCA) with the Cuban government. The European Parliament approved the agreement in July 2017 and many member states have now ratified the agreement without criticising Cuba`s totalitarian political system or the government`s repressive practices. 4. Steps are being taken to obtain cooperation with the Cuban press and independent civil society, as in any other country, which means that members of civil society will be invited to formal discussions on the implementation of the agreement; contribute to the financing of civil society organizations; invite independent journalists to press conferences; and publicly denounce human rights violations for political purposes. The EEAS should also clarify that, without the public support of the Cuban Government for the above-mentioned reforms necessary for democratisation, no financial contribution will be paid to official Cuban organisations or public authorities. Rosa María Payá and the Cuban promoters decide It is up to the Commission and its Department of Foreign Affairs, the EEAS, to explain what reforms must be undertaken in Cuba if the Cuban Government is to respect the principles of human rights and democracy enshrined in the PDCA. The main problem with the agreement is that it does not establish that democracy and respect for human rights are objectives to be achieved through cooperation and political dialogue, but that it describes them only as principles on which the agreement is based.
This is a major step backwards in European foreign policy towards the island, which hinders any assessment of the results of the agreement, and so far the parties concerned have avoided explaining what will change in the coming years. This makes it impossible to determine whether or not the Cuban government is complying with the agreement. It is therefore urgent that the conditions for the immediate application of this Agreement be laid down or, failing that, that it be suspended from its implementation. Given all this, it is essential that the newly elected European Parliament, the new Commission of the European Union, the new High Representative for Foreign Affairs and the Member States of the European Union do not continue to implement the agreement, unless Cuba Decide is a citizens` platform created to advance the Cuban system towards democracy. . . .
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