Winston Churchill Munich Agreement

Oct 16, 2021 |

. the solution to the Czechoslovak problem that has just been found is, in my opinion, only the prelude to a broader settlement in which the whole of Europe can find peace. This morning I had another conversation with the German Chancellor, Mr Hitler, and here is the newspaper that bears his name, as well as mine. Some of you may have heard what`s in it, but I just want to read it to you: “. We regard the agreement signed last night and the Anglo-German naval agreement as a symbol of the will of our two peoples never to go to war with each other again. [96] The British people expected war to come, and Chamberlain`s “statesman gesture” was initially greeted with applause. He was greeted as a hero by the royal family and invited to the balcony of Buckingham Palace before presenting the deal to the British Parliament. The generally positive reaction was quickly refused, despite the royal patronage. However, there was resistance from the beginning. Clement Attlee and the Labour Party rejected the deal in alliance with two Conservative MPs, Duff Cooper and Vyvyan Adams, who had previously been seen as a tough and reactionary element in the Conservative Party. Faced with tensions between the Germans and the Czechoslovak government, BeneŇ° secretly offered on September 15, 1938 to give 6,000 square kilometers (2,300 square miles) of Czechoslovakia to Germany in exchange for a German agreement to accept 1.5 to 2.0 million Sudeten Germans, whom Czechoslovakia would expel.

Hitler did not respond. [13] As the threats of Germany and a European war became increasingly clear, opinions changed. Chamberlain was awarded for his role as one of the “Men of Munich” in books such as The Guilty Men of 1940. A rare defence of the agreement during the war came in 1944 from Viscount Maugham, who had been Lord Chancellor. Maugham regarded the decision to establish a Czechoslovak state with large German and Hungarian minorities as a “dangerous experiment” in light of previous disputes and attributed the agreement largely to the need for France to free itself from its treaty obligations, given that it was not prepared for war. [63] After the war, Churchill`s memoirs of the time, The Gathering Storm (1948), claimed that Chamberlain`s appeasement of Hitler in Munich had been wrong, and recorded Churchill`s pre-war warnings about Hitler`s plan of aggression and the madness that Britain insisted on disarmament after Germany had achieved air parity with Britain. .

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